A. Scope. This section applies to all judgments of courts of record of
this state, and judgments of courts of record of the United States not
subject to the registration procedures of the Uniform Federal Lien
Registration Act, Section 3401 et seq. of Title 68 of the Oklahoma
Statutes, which award the payment of money, regardless of whether such
judgments also include other orders or relief.
B. Creation of Lien. A judgment to which this section applies shall be
a lien on the real estate of the judgment debtor within a county only
from and after a Statement of Judgment made by the judgment creditor
or the judgment creditor's attorney, substantially in the form
prescribed by the Administrative Director of the Courts, has been
filed in the office of the county clerk in that county.
1. Presentation of a Statement of Judgment and tender of the filing
fee, shall, upon acceptance by the county clerk, constitute filing
under this section.
2. A lien created pursuant to this section shall affect and attach to
all real property, including the homestead, of judgment debtors whose
names appear in the Statement of Judgment; however, judgment liens on
a homestead are exempt from forced sale pursuant to Section 1 of Title
31 of the Oklahoma Statutes and Section 2 of Article XII of the
C. Judgment Index. A judgment index shall be kept by each county clerk
in which the name of each person named as a judgment debtor in a
Statement of Judgment filed with the county clerk shall appear in
1. It shall be the duty of the county clerk, immediately after the
filing of the Statement of Judgment, to make in the judgment index a
separate entry in alphabetical order of the name of each judgment
debtor named therein, which entry shall also contain the name(s) of
the judgment creditor(s), the name of the court which granted the
judgment, the number and style of the case in which the judgment was
filed, the amount of the judgment, including interest, costs and
attorney's fees if shown on the Statement of Judgment, the date of the
filing of the judgment with the court clerk of the court which granted
it, and the date of filing of the Statement of Judgment with the
2. It shall also be the duty of the county clerk, immediately after
the filing of a Release of Judgment Lien, to make a notation in each
entry in the judgment index made when any Statement of Judgment was
filed with respect to the judgment being released, of the date of
filing of the Release with the county clerk, the name of the judgment
creditor on whose behalf the Release is filed, and whether the Release
states that it is only a partial Release.
D. Execution of Judgment. Execution shall be issued only from the
court which granted the judgment being enforced.
E. Release of Lien of Judgment. The lien of a judgment upon the real
estate of judgment debtor in any county, which has not become
unenforceable by operation of law, is released only upon the filing in
the office of the county clerk in that county of a Release of Judgment
Lien, or a copy thereof certified by the court clerk of the court
which granted the judgment.
1. A judgment lien may be released, in whole or in part, by filing a
Release of Judgment Lien with the county clerk by the judgment
creditor or his or her attorney.
a. A Release of Judgment Lien shall either recite the name of the
court which granted the judgment, the number and style of the case,
the name of each judgment debtor with respect to whom the lien is
being released, the name of each judgment creditor in favor of whom
the lien was created, or otherwise adequately identify the judgment
lien being released and the judgment debtor against whom the lien is
indexed. The Administrative Director of the Courts shall prescribe a
form of Release of Judgment which may be used at the option of the
b. If the release is only partial, it shall also contain a description
of the lands then being released from the judgment lien or identify
the particular judgment debtors, if less than all, with respect to
whom the lien is then being released, or both, as the case may be.
c. A Release of Judgment Lien may also be filed with the court clerk
of the court which granted the judgment but filing with the court
clerk does not release any judgment lien created pursuant to this
2. The lien of any judgment which has been satisfied by payment or
otherwise discharged and which has not been released by the judgment
creditor shall be released by the court upon written motion.
a. The motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit stating the grounds
for the motion, and shall contain or be accompanied by a notice to the
judgment creditor that, if the judgment creditor does not file with
the court a response or objection to the motion within fifteen (15)
days after the mailing of a copy of the motion to the judgment
creditor, the court will order the judgment lien released.
b. A copy of the motion shall be mailed by certified mail by the party
seeking release of the lien to the judgment creditor at the last-known
address of the judgment creditor, and to the attorney of record of the
judgment creditor, if any. There shall be attached to the filed
motion, and to each copy of the motion to be mailed, a Certificate of
Mailing showing to whom copies of the motion were mailed, the
addresses to which they were mailed, and the date of mailing.
c. If the judgment creditor does not file a response or objection to
the motion within fifteen (15) days after the mailing of a copy of the
motion, the court shall order the judgment lien released.
d. When a judgment lien is ordered released by the court, the court
shall cause a Release of Judgment Lien, in the form provided by the
Administrative Director of the Courts, to be prepared. Instructions
shall be printed on such form advising the judgment debtor to file the
Release in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the
real estate is situated in order to obtain the release of the lien of
the judgment upon the real estate of the judgment debtor in such
e. The party filing the motion for release shall pay all costs of the
proceeding and any recording fees.
F. Effect of Filing or Recording a Judgment. The filing or recording
of a judgment itself in the office of a county clerk on or after
October 1, 1993, shall not be effective to create a general money
judgment lien upon real estate, but a certified copy of a judgment may
be recorded in such office for the purpose of giving notice of its
contents whether or not recording is required by law.
G. Acceptance by County Clerk. The county clerk shall accept for
filing and file any Statement of Judgment or Release of Judgment Lien
without requiring any formalities of execution other than those
provided in this section.