Libel is a false or malicious unprivileged publication by writing,
printing, picture, or effigy or other fixed representation to the eye,
which exposes any person to public hatred, contempt, ridicule or
obloquy, or which tends to deprive him of public confidence, or to
injure him in his occupation, or any malicious publication as
aforesaid, designed to blacken or vilify the memory of one who is
dead, and tending to scandalize his surviving relatives or friends.