The following rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of
vehicles proceeding in the same direction, subject to those
limitations, exceptions and special rules hereinafter stated:
1. The driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in
the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance
and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until
safely clear of the overtaken vehicle.
2. Except when overtaking and passing on the right is permitted, the
driver of an overtaken vehicle shall give way to the right in favor of
the overtaking vehicle on audible signal and shall not increase the
speed of his vehicle until completely passed by the overtaking
3. Every driver who intends to pass another vehicle proceeding in the
same direction, which requires moving his vehicle from one lane of
traffic to another, shall first see that such movement can be made
with safety and shall proceed to pass only after giving a proper
signal by hand or mechanical device.